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Patents

at a Glance
2014 2015 Changes in %
Applications (patent applications with the DPMA and PCT patent applications after entering the national phase) 65,951 66,889 +1.4
Concluded examination procedures 34,978 33,483 -4.3
- published decisions to grant a patent 15,317 14,795 -3.4
Newly opened examination procedures 42,337 43,397 +2.5
Stock* 129,544 129,591 +0.0
*Including patents granted by the European Patent Office with effect in the Federal Republic of Germany, a total of 600,498 patents were valid in Germany in 2015.

Patent applications at the DPMA
Year Applications
2009 58,844
2010 59,442
2011 59,615
2012 61,359
2013 63,174
2014 65,951
2015 66,889

The 3 most active patent applicants
(number of national applications in 2015)
Applicant Seat Applications
1 Robert Bosch GmbH Germany 3,841
2 Schaeffler Technologies AG & Co. KG Germany 2,334
3 Ford Global Technologies, LLC USA 1,830

Patent applications by German Länder in 2015
German Länder Applications Proportional share in % Applications per 100,000 inhabitants
Bavaria 15,341 32.4 121
Baden-Württemberg 14,220 30.0 133
North Rhine-Westphalia 6,875 14.5 39
Lower Saxony 3,485 7.4 45
Hesse 1,907 4.0 31
Rhineland-Palatinate 938 2.0 23
Saxony 905 1.9 22
Berlin 840 1.8 24
Hamburg 806 1.7 46
Thuringia 512 1.1 24
Schleswig-Holstein 463 1.0 16
Brandenburg 358 0.8 15
Saarland 214 0.5 22
Saxony-Anhalt 200 0.4 9
Bremen 158 0.3 24
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania 155 0.3 10
Total 47,377 100 58

Patent applications by IPC classes
IPC class Applications in 2014 Applications in 2015
B60 Vehicles in general 6,831 7,164
F16 Engineering elements or units 5,679 5,437
H01 Basic electric elements 4,603 4,663
G01 Measuring, testing 4,083 4,044
F02 Combustion engines 2,418 2,577

The leading technology fields (IPC classes) in the individual Länder
Land IPC class National patent applications
Baden-Württemberg B 60 - Vehicles in general 1,920
F 16 - Engineering elements or units 1,380
G 01 - Measuring; testing 1,217
Bavaria F 16 - Engineering elements or units 2,154
B 60 - Vehicles in general 1,782
H 01 - Basic electric elements 1,361
Berlin A 61 - Medical or veterinary science; hygiene 71
G 01 - Measuring, testing 67
G 06 - Computing; calculating; counting 41
Brandenburg H 01 - Basic electric elements 33
F 02 - Combustion engines 22
G 01 - Measuring, testing 22
Bremen G 01 - Measuring, testing 16
H 04 - Electric communication technique 16
H 01 - Basic electric elements 13
Hamburg A 61 - Medical or veterinary science; hygiene 149
B 64 - Aircraft; aviation; cosmonautics 73
F 03 - Machines or engines for liquids; wind, spring, or weight motors 50
Hesse A 61 - Medical or veterinary science; hygiene 181
G 01 - Measuring, testing 173
B 60 - Vehicles in general 160
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania A 61 - Medical or veterinary science; hygiene 23
B 65 - Conveying; packing; storing; handling thin material 15
G 01 - Measuring, testing 13
Lower Saxony B 60 - Vehicles in general 687
F 02 - Combustion engines 214
F 16 - Engineering elements or units 200
North Rhine-Westphalia A 61 - Medical or veterinary science; hygiene 397
B 60 - Vehicles in general 358
G 01 - Measuring, testing 357
Rhineland-Palatinate B 60 - Vehicles in general 71
C 03 - Glas; Mineral- oder Schlackenwolle 53
G 01 - Measuring, testing 47
Saarland F 16 - Engineering elements or units 25
F 01 - Machines or engines in general 19
B 01 - Physical or chemical processes or apparatus in general 17
Saxony H 01 - Basic electric elements 91
G 01 - Measuring, testing 58
C 23 - Coating metallic material 54
Saxony-Anhalt H 01 - Basic electric elements 21
H 02 - Generation, conversion, or distribution of electric power 18
A 61 - Medical or veterinary science; hygiene 12
Schleswig-Holstein A 61 - Medical or veterinary science; hygiene 55
G 01 - Measuring, testing 41
H 01 - Basic electric elements 20
Thuringia G 02 - Optik 83
A 61 - Medical or veterinary science; hygiene 68
G 01 - Measuring, testing 68

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